Outdated debate or more necessary than ever? The question of cultural exception remains a touchstone in France. Didn’t the government announced an “Act II of Cultural Exception” in 2013, which indeed was long in coming, but nevertheless constitutes a kind of compulsory crossing point in a country that remains faithful to its cultural policy?
The cinema of the continent is, certainly, the summation of its different national cinemas. In the 1920s, in the age of silent cinema, European film production was part of one of the most exceptional creative periods in history, with movements such as Expressionism in Germany, Surrealism and the other avant-garde movements in France, the Soviet montage school, the great auteur films in northern Europe. The thing that linked together these different national experiments was their stark opposition to the language of Hollywood and to the establishment of film as a solely American production industry.
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