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Filippo Focardi

Filippo Focardi is Associate Professor of Contemporary History at the Department of Political and Legal Sciences and International Studies of the University of Padova. In 2013 he received the international Baron Velge award from the Université libre de Bruxelles for his researches and studies on the memory of World War II. Among his publications are: La guerra della memoria. La Resistenza nel dibattito politico italiano dal 1945 a oggi (Roma-Bari, Laterza 2005); Criminali di guerra in libertà. Un accordo segreto tra Italia e Repubblica federale tedesca 1949-55 (Roma, Carocci 2008); Il cattivo tedesco e il bravo italiano. La rimozione delle colpe della seconda guerra mondiale (Roma-Bari, Laterza 2013). With M. Petriccioli e G. Contini he edited the volume Memoria e Rimozione. I crimini di guerra del Giappone e dell’Italia (Roma, Viella 2010) and with B. Groppo, L’Europa e le sue memorie. Politiche e culture del ricordo dopo il 1989 (Roma, Viella 2013).

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A few years ago, British historian Tony Judt identified two main phases in the evolution of European memory after the Second World War: the first took shape in 1945, the second after 1989. This picture entirely eclipses an aspect which is of great historical significance: the presence everywhere in Europe of collaborationist forces that actively supported Nazism, and the fact that serious war crimes were committed by all parties involved in the conflict, including the winners.