Britain has always been, and probably still is, the most consistently ‘Eurosceptic’ country in the EU. Many intelligent commentators outside Britain seem unable to understand this position, often dismissing it as merely the consequence of ignorance or a biased press. The EU, to put it mildly, is not a system in which popular power prevails, and many people in Britain are instinctively suspicious of a political Europe as an affront to national democracy.
The birth of neoliberalism is difficult to date precisely. As an intellectual project it emerged in the 1930s and 1940s in various initially unrelated institutional contexts from the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität in Freiburg to the Economics Department at the University of Chicago.